Are you thinking of constructing a new building? This might be overwhelming as you try and think to begin the process of construction. You first need to have a clear mindset of what you want from it and if you’re going to expand, build it brand new or re-model it. This article provides you with an overview of any commercial construction process from start to finish, so let’s dive right into it.
1. PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT
Planning and development are the first-ever steps in any construction project. In this stage, there are three stages involved:
· Finding a perfect and ideal location
· Pre-designing of the facility or building
· Introducing an architect and general contractor for the building
When contracts start with the architect during the designing phase, the cost of the project is more comfortable to estimate. You’ll be able to make a timely decision and will gain additional information about the current market price if you follow this route. The team must make sure that all the designs must meet all the codes and regulations.
Construction Bidding: Every commercial construction project needs to comprise a construction bid; if not, it becomes complex to decide on the project cost.
Programming: this step is necessary because it allows you to have an idea about the space, building flexibility and other functional needs. It’s usually looked after by the architect.
Feasibility: Concerns like building orientation, site requirements, amenities and many other things come under this feasibility. If we fail to understand such essential elements, then we may also fail at implementing it.
Schematic Design: These designs help you to visualise how you want your building like sketches of the materials used, size, shapes, colour, texture and pattern of the building.
Design Development: The research and investigation of the material and types of equipment are done, and also the cost of it is calculated.
Working Drawings: The final sets of drawings are known as working drawing or contract documents. These drawing will guide the contractors away from any additional costs during the building process.
During this phase of the process, a list is made and sent to different contractors to request quotes. This could comprise of quotes from crane hire companies, concrete trucks etc. To analyse and set a budget, at least three contractor’s budget is taken into consideration. Another important during this phase is to get all the necessary permits and insurances done.
This phase starts once the owners of the project select their contractor to proceed. There are specific roles assigned, that include-
- Project Manager
- Contract Administrator
- Field Engineer
Every construction project needs a healthy workforce, so labour, equipment and all the materials required are purchased during this phase. There is a purchase order which is like a kind of agreement made between the seller, and the owner ensures that whatever products are purchased meet for the price agreed.
If the contractor work can’t handle all the work alone, then sub-contractors are hired. These sub-contractors specialise In one part of the construction work like woodwork, glass.
This phase of development is commenced after a detailed meeting organised by the superintendent. During this meeting, every decision is made regarding the working hours, site work, material storage and also quality control. Depending on the functionality and design of the building; the order is followed and all the required materials used for the installation of the largest cranes, underground utilities, site excavation, steel erection, concrete pouring, roofing framing, interior and exterior work.
Each of all these steps is carefully scrutinised by the project manager and an official state construction inspector. Once the construction is completed, this phase ends too.
Several steps and requirements must be taken after the construction of the building before occupancy. There must a final walkthrough to be done. There is also a list that is made, which includes the changes that are to be made if needed, such as replacing a broken floor tile or change of paint colour. This list is called punch list, and once this is complete, the phase of occupancy begins. During occupancy, furnishing and equipment are calibrated or installed. If every requirement is met, then the architect will issue a certificate of substantial completion, this certification represents the completion of the project. The building official does the last and final inspection.
I hope this article has given an accurate overview of the process of commercial building construction.